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Description: It has always appeared to me, that to give to the public some account of the life of a person of eminent merit deceased, is a duty incumbent on survivors. It seldom happens (1) that such a person passes through life, without being the subject of thoughtless calumny, or malignant misrepresentation. Every benefactor of mankind is more or less influenced by a liberal passion for fame; and survivors only pay a debt due to these benefactors, when they assert and establish on their part, the honour they loved. The justice which is thus done to the illustrious dead, converts into the fairest source of animation and encouragement to those who would follow them in the same career (2). The human species at large is interested in this justice (3), as it teaches them to place their respect and affection upon those qualities which best deserve to be esteemed and loved. I cannot easily prevail on myself to doubt that the more fully we are presented with the picture and story of such persons as the subject of the following narrative, the more generally shall we feel in ourselves an attachment to their fate, and a sympathy in their excellencies.

1. The ?function of the second sentence is best described as:

2. The speaker struck his audience initially as remarkably learned in a wide array of areas, but upon more careful analysis, his claims devolved into mere bravura, revealing him to be an overly confident _____.

3. Since 1813 reaction to Jane Austen's novels has oscillated between ______ and condescension; but in general later writers have esteemed her works more highly than did most of her literary ______.

Description: A more philosophical and refined use of the supernatural in works of fiction, is proper to that class in which the laws of nature are represented as altered, not for the purpose of pampering the imagination with wonders, but in order to show the probable effect which the supposed miracles would produce on those who witnessed them. In this case, the pleasure ordinarily derived from the marvelous incidents is secondary to that which we extract from observing how mortals like ourselves would be affected. The author’s principal object is less to produce an effect by means of the marvels of the narration, than to open new trains and channels of thought (2), by placing men in supposed situations of an extraordinary and preternatural character, and then describing the mode of feeling and conduct (3) which they are most likely to adopt. To make more clear the distinction we have endeavoured to draw between the marvelous and the effects of the marvelous, we may briefly invite our readers to compare the common tale of Tom Thumb with Gulliver’s Voyage to Brobdingnag; one of the most childish fictions, with one which is pregnant with wit and satire (1), yet both turning upon the same assumed possibility of the existence of a pigmy among a race of giants. In the former case, when the imagination of the storyteller has exhausted itself in every species of hyperbole (4), in order to describe the diminutive size of his hero, the interest of the tale is at an end. But in the romance of Gulliver, the exquisite humour with which the natural consequences of so strange an unusual a situation is detailed, has a canvas on which to expand itself. Gulliver stuck into a marrow bone, and Master Thomas Thumb’s disastrous fall into the bowl of hasty-pudding, are kindred (5) incidents; but the jest is exhausted in the latter case, when the accident is told; whereas in the former, it lies not so much in the comparatively pigmy size (7) which subjected Gulliver to such a ludicrous misfortune, as (6) in the tone of grave and dignified feeling with which he resents the disgrace of the incident.

4. It can be inferred that throughout the whole passage, the author is arguing against the assumption that:

5. The delicate conundrum of how to mediate among factions of relatives divided by decades of tension and feuding so vexed Theo that he had eventually to confess himself utterly -------.

6. Sensing she was out of her depth within such a politically charged conversation, Chantal employed ____ in an effort to be ____ about the controversy, in the hopes that her auditors would see she was endeavoring to be diplomatic.

7. Although the lecturer’s voice was _____ in nature, his subject matter was engrossing enough to sustain the students’ curiosity.

8. A dress was initially listed at a price that would have given the store a profit of 20% of the wholesale cost.What is the wholesale cost of the dress? (1) After reducing the listed price by 10%, the dress sold for a net profit of 10$. (2) The dress sold for 50$

9. The politically explosive situation required diplomacy, and fortuitously, was _____ handled by Marjorie, a seasoned liaison between the feuding constituents.

10. It was her view that the country's problems had been ______ by foreign technocrats, so that to invite them to come back would be counterproductive.

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