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1. The ______ science of seismology has grown just enough so that the first overly bold theories have been ______ .

2. Carla and Dwayne seemed to their circle of friends to illustrate the truism that opposites attract, for Carla had a sunny, sanguine disposition, whereas Dwayne’s demeanor was more often quite _____.

Description: A more philosophical and refined use of the supernatural in works of fiction, is proper to that class in which the laws of nature are represented as altered, not for the purpose of pampering the imagination with wonders, but in order to show the probable effect which the supposed miracles would produce on those who witnessed them. In this case, the pleasure ordinarily derived from the marvelous incidents is secondary to that which we extract from observing how mortals like ourselves would be affected. The author’s principal object is less to produce an effect by means of the marvels of the narration, than to open new trains and channels of thought (2), by placing men in supposed situations of an extraordinary and preternatural character, and then describing the mode of feeling and conduct (3) which they are most likely to adopt. To make more clear the distinction we have endeavoured to draw between the marvelous and the effects of the marvelous, we may briefly invite our readers to compare the common tale of Tom Thumb with Gulliver’s Voyage to Brobdingnag; one of the most childish fictions, with one which is pregnant with wit and satire (1), yet both turning upon the same assumed possibility of the existence of a pigmy among a race of giants. In the former case, when the imagination of the storyteller has exhausted itself in every species of hyperbole (4), in order to describe the diminutive size of his hero, the interest of the tale is at an end. But in the romance of Gulliver, the exquisite humour with which the natural consequences of so strange an unusual a situation is detailed, has a canvas on which to expand itself. Gulliver stuck into a marrow bone, and Master Thomas Thumb’s disastrous fall into the bowl of hasty-pudding, are kindred (5) incidents; but the jest is exhausted in the latter case, when the accident is told; whereas in the former, it lies not so much in the comparatively pigmy size (7) which subjected Gulliver to such a ludicrous misfortune, as (6) in the tone of grave and dignified feeling with which he resents the disgrace of the incident.

3. It can be inferred that throughout the whole passage, the author is arguing against the assumption that:

Description: It has always appeared to me, that to give to the public some account of the life of a person of eminent merit deceased, is a duty incumbent on survivors. It seldom happens (1) that such a person passes through life, without being the subject of thoughtless calumny, or malignant misrepresentation. Every benefactor of mankind is more or less influenced by a liberal passion for fame; and survivors only pay a debt due to these benefactors, when they assert and establish on their part, the honour they loved. The justice which is thus done to the illustrious dead, converts into the fairest source of animation and encouragement to those who would follow them in the same career (2). The human species at large is interested in this justice (3), as it teaches them to place their respect and affection upon those qualities which best deserve to be esteemed and loved. I cannot easily prevail on myself to doubt that the more fully we are presented with the picture and story of such persons as the subject of the following narrative, the more generally shall we feel in ourselves an attachment to their fate, and a sympathy in their excellencies.

4. The ?function of the second sentence is best described as:

5. It is highly characteristic of business ________ attitude that little or no interest is evinced in undertaking an urban renewal project until a similar undertaking elsewhere proves that such a project can be profitable.

6. There are, as yet, no vegetation types or ecosystems whose study has been ______ to the extent that they no longer ______ ecologists.

7. Scientific theories are not _____; they are subject to change with updated information and increased understanding. 

8. She was not at all sure her new career would suit her, but her qualms were still sufficiently _____ that she resolved to forge ahead and try her best, addressing the inevitable pitfalls as they came.

9. Although the biblical story of the prophet Moses destroying the Golden Calf is the most literal example of an -------, today, its meaning has become more ------- and now refers to any figure who defies authoritative norms.

Description: Evil or righteous acts recently committed will more acutely affect the present waking mind (4) than those enacted at a more remote period. In a similar way future disaster or success which is soon to occur will impress the dream mind (3) more vividly than those which are to transpire at a later date. But in the lives of all men there are past incidents which they will never forget, and which will never cease to fill their hearts with pride or remorse. So, too, in their distant future there are important events to transpire which are struggling through tumultuous infinitude to leave their ghastly or smiling impress upon the dream mind. If your mental states are passive you will receive the warnings. There are cases on record which show events have been forecast years ahead of their occurrence. We do not claim that this book will prove an interpreter of all dreams, or that the keys disclosed will open to you all the mysteries of the future, or even all those surrounding your own personality, but by studying the definitions and the plane (2) upon which they were written, you will be able, through the power of your own spirit, to interpret your own dreams. The combination of dream and dream influences are as infinite as the stars, or the combination of thought and number (1).

10. In the context in which it appears, the function of the phrase “thought and number” (1) is best described as:

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